5 years ago

Homogeneous Molecular Catalysis of Electrochemical Reactions: Catalyst Benchmarking and Optimization Strategies

Homogeneous Molecular Catalysis of Electrochemical Reactions: Catalyst Benchmarking and Optimization Strategies
Jean-Michel Savéant, Cyrille Costentin
Modern energy challenges currently trigger an intense interest in catalysis of redox reactions—electrochemical and photochemical—particularly those involving small molecules such as water, hydrogen, oxygen, proton, carbon dioxide. A continuously increasing number of molecular catalysts of these reactions, mostly transition metal complexes, have been proposed, rendering necessary procedures for their rational benchmarking and fueling the quest for leading principles that could inspire the design of improved catalysts. The search of “volcano plots” correlating catalysis kinetics to the stability of the key intermediate is a popular approach to the question in catalysis by surface-active sites, with as foremost example the electrochemical reduction of aqueous proton on metal surfaces. We discussed here for the first time, on theoretical and experimental grounds, the pertinence of such an approach in the field of molecular catalysis. This is the occasion to insist on the virtue of careful mechanism assignments. Particular emphasis is put on the interest of expressing the catalysts’ intrinsic kinetic properties by means of catalytic Tafel plots, which relate kinetics and overpotential. We also underscore that the principle and strategies put forward for the catalytic activation of the above-mentioned small molecules are general as illustrated by catalytic applications out of this particular field.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b02879

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b02879

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.