5 years ago

Resveratrol prevents the combined maternal plus postweaning high-fat-diets-induced hypertension in male offspring

Maternal high-fat (HF) diet is believed to induce oxidative stress and activate nutrient-sensing signals, which increase the risk of adult offspring to develop hypertension. We investigated whether resveratrol prevents the combined maternal plus postweaning HF-diets-induced hypertension in adult male offspring, with a focus on the kidney. Female Sprague–Dawley rats received either a normal diet (ND) or HF diet (D12331, Research Diets) for 5 weeks before mating and during gestation and lactation. The male offspring were placed on either the ND or HF diet from weaning to 4 months of age, resulting in four experimental groups (maternal diet/postweaning diet; n=8–10/group): ND/ND, ND/HF, HF/ND and HF/HF. Another group of HF/HF rats (n=10) was treated with 0.5% resveratrol in drinking water between 2 and 4 months of age (HF/HF+R). Rats were killed at 4 months of age. We found that HF/HF-induced hypertension in adult offspring was prevented by resveratrol. Resveratrol mediated its protective effect on HF/HF-induced hypertension in the kidneys of male offspring by diminishing oxidative stress; reducing renal asymmetric dimethylarginine levels; mediating the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) in favor of vasodilatation; restoring nutrient-sensing pathways via increased levels of silent information regulator transcript 1 (SIRT1), AMP-activated protein kinase 2α and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-α; and inducing autophagy. Our data implicated an association between oxidative stress, RAS, nitric oxide, and nutrient-sensing signals in HF/HF-induced hypertension. Resveratrol, acting as an antioxidant as well as a SIRT1 activator, might be a therapeutic approach for hypertension.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0955286317303650

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