5 years ago

Combined Hamartoma of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium: An Optical Coherence Tomography–Based Reappraisal

To analyze the optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics of combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE) involving the macula. Design Retrospective, observational case series. Methods setting : Single institutional. study population : Fourteen consecutive patients of CHRRPE were included. observation procedures : The authors analyzed the clinical features, color fundus photography, and swept-source or spectral-domain OCT of all the involved eyes. main outcome measures : OCT characteristics, especially the involvement of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Results A total of 16 eyes of 5 female and 9 male patients were analyzed. The mean age (± SD) was 17.9 ± 6.4 (range 10–34) years. Mean best-corrected visual acuity (± SD) in logMAR was 0.9 ± 0.5 (20/160 ± 20/60). The OCT was suggestive of a focal mass-like lesion primarily involving the inner retinal layers limited externally by the outer plexiform layer (OPL) in 15 eyes (93.7%). The OPL appeared to have a saw-tooth appearance (“intraretinal peaks”) in 12 eyes (75%). The convolutions of the OPL were broader and deeper in some eyes (5 eyes, 31.2%), giving an “omega sign” (ω) appearance. The ellipsoid zone appeared intact in 13 eyes (81.2%). The RPE band appeared intact in all eyes. Conclusions Considering the OCT features, available evidence, and embryology, we propose that the true nature of CHRRPE should be reanalyzed. In our series, CHRRPE was noted to be primarily a hamartoma arising from the inner retinal layers. A majority of cases were limited posteriorly by the OPL without any involvement of the outer retinal layers and RPE.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002939417302726

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.