4 years ago

Adenosine A2a Receptor Blockade Diminishes Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling in a Murine Model of Bleomycin-Induced Dermal Fibrosis

Adenosine A2a receptor (A2aR) stimulation promotes the synthesis of collagens I and III, and we have recently demonstrated that there is crosstalk between the A2aR and WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway. In in vitro studies, A2aR signaling for collagen III expression was mediated by WNT/β-catenin signaling in human dermal fibroblasts; we further verified whether the crosstalk between A2aR and Wnt/β-catenin signaling was involved in diffuse dermal fibrosis in vivo. Wnt-signaling reporter mice (Tcf/Lef:H2B-GFP) were challenged with bleomycin and treated with the selective A2aR antagonist istradefylline (KW6002) or vehicle. Dermal fibrosis was quantitated and nuclear translocation of β-catenin in fibroblasts was assessed by double-staining for Green fluorescent protein or dephosphorylated β-catenin or β-catenin phosphorylated at Ser552, and vimentin. KW6002 significantly reduced skin thickness, skinfold thickness, breaking tension, dermal hydroxyproline content, myofibroblast accumulation, and collagen alignment in bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis. Also, there was increased expression of Tcf/Lef:H2B-GFP reporter in bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis, an effect that was diminished by treatment with KW6002. Moreover, KW6002 significantly inhibited nuclear translocation of Tcf/Lef:H2B-GFP reporter, as well as dephosphorylated β-catenin and β-catenin phosphorylated at Ser552. Our work supports the hypothesis that pharmacologic blockade of A2aR inhibits the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway, contributing to its capacity to inhibit dermal fibrosis in diseases such as scleroderma.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002944017301608

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