4 years ago

Sex and racial/ethnic differences in the reason for 30-day readmission after COPD hospitalization

Reduction of 30-day readmissions in patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a national objective. However, there is a dearth of research on sex and racial/ethnic differences in the reason for 30-day readmission. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study using 2006–2012 data from the State Inpatient Database of eight geographically-diverse US states (Arkansas, California, Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, New York, Utah, and Washington). After identifying all hospitalizations for COPD made by patients aged ≥40 years, we investigated the primary diagnostic code for all-cause readmissions within 30 days after the original COPD hospitalization, among the overall group and by sex and race/ethnicity strata. Results Between 2006 and 2012, there was a total of 845,465 COPD hospitalizations at risk for 30-day readmissions in the eight states. COPD was the leading diagnostic for 30-day readmission after COPD hospitalization, both overall (28%) and across all sex and race/ethnicity strata. The proportion of respiratory diseases (COPD, pneumonia, respiratory failure, and asthma) as the readmission diagnosis was higher in non-Hispanic black (55%), compared to non-Hispanic white (52%) and Hispanics (51%) (p < 0.001). The proportion of asthma as the readmission diagnosis differed significantly by sex (6% in men and 9% in women; p < 0.001). Similarly, the proportion of asthma also differed significantly by race/ethnicity (5% in non-Hispanic white, 16% in non-Hispanic black, 15% in Hispanics, 13% in others; p < 0.001). Conclusions In this analysis of all-payer population-based data, we found sex and racial/ethnic differences in the reason for 30-day readmission in patients hospitalized for COPD.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S095461111730255X

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