3 years ago

Surgical reconstruction of ruptured anterior cruciate ligament prolongs trauma-induced increase of inflammatory cytokines in synovial fluid: an exploratory analysis in the KANON trial

Prospectively monitor how treatment of acutely ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) affects biomarkers of inflammation and proteolytic degradation over 5 years. Design We studied 119 subjects with acute ACL injury from the randomized controlled knee anterior cruciate ligament, non-surgical versus surgical treatment (KANON)-trial (Clinical trial ISRCTN 84752559) who had synovial fluid, serum and urine samples available from at least two out of six visits over 5 years after acute ACL rupture. All subjects followed a similar rehabilitation protocol where, according to randomization, 60 also had early ACL reconstruction and 59 had the option to undergo a delayed ACL reconstruction if needed. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, interferon-gamma (IFNγ), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), amino acids alanine, arginine, glycine, serine (ARGS)-aggrecan, C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide type II collagen (CTX-II) and N-terminal crosslinking telopeptide type I collagen (NTX-I) were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Results Subjects randomized to early ACL reconstruction had higher cytokine concentrations in index knee synovial fluid at 4 months (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF), 8 months (IL-6 and TNF) and at 5 years (IFNγ) compared to those randomized to optional delayed reconstruction. Those that underwent delayed ACL reconstruction within 5 years (30 subjects), had higher synovial fluid concentrations of IL-6 at 5 years compared to those treated with rehabilitation alone. No differences between groups were noted for ARGS-aggrecan in synovial fluid and serum or CTX-II and NTX-I in urine over 5 years, neither as randomized nor as treated. Conclusions Surgical ACL reconstruction constitutes a second trauma to the acutely injured joint resulting in a prolonged elevation of already high synovial fluid levels of inflammatory cytokines.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1063458417309986

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.