3 years ago

Wnt5a induces catabolic signaling and matrix metalloproteinase production in human articular chondrocytes

Aberrant Wnt signaling may contribute to osteoarthritis (OA) but the Wnt family members involved have not been fully identified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Wnt5a as a potential mediator of cartilage destruction in OA. Design Immunohistochemistry to detect Wnt5a was performed using normal and OA human articular cartilage. Cultured normal human chondrocytes were treated with fibronectin fragments (FN-f) as a catabolic stimulus or recombinant Wnt5a protein with or without pretreatment using a panel of signaling inhibitors. Expression of Wnt5a, anabolic genes and catabolic genes were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Production of Wnt5a protein and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as well as activation of signaling proteins were analyzed by immunoblotting. Results Wnt5a was present in human articular cartilage with OA changes and its expression and secretion were increased in FN-f stimulated chondrocytes. FN-f stimulated Wnt5a production through the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) pathways. Wnt5a reduced aggrecan gene expression after 48 h of treatment. Wnt5a seemed to promote MMP1, -3, and -13 expression as well as MMP1 and MMP13 protein production in normal human chondrocytes. Wnt5a inhibitor peptides did not affect FN-f induced MMP production. Wnt5a activated β-catenin independent signaling including calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), JNK, p38, ERK1/2, p65 and Akt. Inhibition of JNK, p38, ERK, PI-3 kinase and CaMKII by specific signaling inhibitors suppressed Wnt5a mediated MMP1 and MMP13 production. Conclusions Wnt5a is present in human OA cartilage and can promote chondrocyte catabolic activity through non-canonical Wnt signaling, which suggests a potential role in OA.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1063458417310312

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.