4 years ago

Personality and health: Impacts of romantic relationship characteristics

The psychosocial resources of personality, romantic relationship quality, and health-related social control were examined for their associations with self-rated health. Results based on survey responses from 421 participants (Mage=37.33years, SD =11.70; 63% women) revealed that individuals higher in conscientiousness and extraversion and lower in neuroticism enjoy better health, even after accounting for socioeconomic status and romantic relationship characteristics (R 2 =0.14, F(10, 410)=7.65, p <0.001). We also found support for a mediation process whereby higher conscientiousness predicted better relationship quality, which predicted more positive social control (R 2 =0.34, F(10, 408)=27.39, p <0.001, z =2.47, p =0.01). While directionality cannot be determined from cross-sectional data, the present results suggest that the associations of personality traits with health outcomes are strong and unique, independently influencing both self-rated health and romantic relationship characteristics. Results further reveal that positive health-related persuasion tactics are more prevalent in high-quality than in low-quality relationships, and that conscientious individuals are more likely to report high-quality relationships. These findings highlight the health-related benefits of conscientiousness and conscientious practices.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0191886917305159

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