4 years ago

Development and Internal Validation of a Novel Model to Identify the Candidates for Extended Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection in Prostate Cancer

Preoperative assessment of the risk of lymph node invasion (LNI) is mandatory to identify prostate cancer (PCa) patients who should receive an extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). Objective To update a nomogram predicting LNI in contemporary PCa patients with detailed biopsy reports. Design, setting, and participants Overall, 681 patients with detailed biopsy information, evaluated by a high-volume uropathologist, treated with radical prostatectomy and ePLND between 2011 and 2016 were identified. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis A multivariable logistic regression model predicting LNI was fitted and represented the basis for a coefficient-based nomogram. The model was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic-derived area under the curve (AUC), calibration plot, and decision-curve analyses (DCAs). Results and limitations The median number of nodes removed was 16. Overall, 79 (12%) patients had LNI. A multivariable model that included prostate-specific antigen, clinical stage, biopsy Gleason grade group, percentage of cores with highest-grade PCa, and percentage of cores with lower-grade disease represented the basis for the nomogram. After cross validation, the predictive accuracy of these predictors in our cohort was 90.8% and the DCA demonstrated improved risk prediction against threshold probabilities of LNI ≤20%. Using a cutoff of 7%, 471 (69%) ePLNDs would be spared and LNI would be missed in seven (1.5%) patients. As compared with the Briganti and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center nomograms, the novel model showed higher AUC (90.8% vs 89.5% vs 89.5%), better calibration characteristics, and a higher net benefit at DCA. Conclusions An ePLND should be avoided in patients with detailed biopsy information and a risk of nodal involvement below 7%, in order to spare approximately 70% ePLNDs at the cost of missing only 1.5% LNIs. Patient summary We developed a novel nomogram to predict lymph node invasion (LNI) in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer based on detailed biopsy reports. A lymph node dissection exclusively in men with a risk of LNI >7% according to this model would significantly reduce the number of unnecessary pelvic nodal dissections with a risk of missing only 1.5% of patients with LNI.

Our study reports an accurate model predicting lymph node invasion in patients with localized prostate cancer. The implementation of this model in clinical practice would reduce the number of unnecessary lymph node dissections.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0302283817302804

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.