4 years ago

Genetic variation and co-evolutionary relationship of RNA polymerase complex segments in influenza A viruses

The RNA polymerase complex (RNApc) in influenza A viruses (IVs) is composed of the PB2, PB1 and PA subunits, which are encoded by the three longest genome segments (Seg1-3) and are responsible for the replication of vRNAs and transcription of viral mRNAs. However, the co-evolutionary relationships of the three segments from the known 126 subtypes IVs are unclear. In this study, we performed a detailed analysis based on a total number of 121,191 nucleotide sequences. Three segment sequences were aligned before the repeated, incomplete and mixed sequences were removed for homologous and phylogenetic analyses. Subsequently, the estimated substitution rates and TMRCAs (Times for Most Recent Common Ancestor) were calculated by 175 representative IVs. Tracing the cladistic distribution of three segments from these IVs, co-evolutionary patterns and trajectories could be inferred. The further correlation analysis of six internal protein coding segments reflect the RNApc segments have the closer correlation than others during continuous reassortments. This global approach facilitates the establishment of a fast antiviral strategy and monitoring of viral variation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0042682217302453

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