3 years ago

MR diffusion kurtosis imaging predicts malignant potential and the histological type of meningioma

To explore the value of Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) metrics in the differential diagnosis of meningioma. Methods For this study, we retrospectively enrolled 35 patients of cerebral meningioma with DKI which included axial diffusion coefficient (AD), radial diffusion coefficient (RD), mean diffusion coefficient (MD), fractional anisotropy (FA), axial kurtosis (AK), radial kurtosis (RK) and mean kurtosis (MK). All of these metrics were normalized according to contralateral normal-appearing white matter (NAWMc). Patients were divided into two groups (benign and malignant meningioma) and were further analyzed using the independent sample t-test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. A one-way ANOVA analysis was used to analyze four groups divided according to pathological subtypes. Results The metrics of AD, normalized AD, normalized MD, MK and normalized MK showed a significant difference between benign and malignant group, and MK showed relatively higher diagnostic ability with its cut-off value, area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity of 0.875, 0.780, 70% and 89%, respectively. The metrics of normalized MD, RD and normalized RD, FA and normalized FA, AK and normalized AK, and RK showed significant difference among four subtypes. MK and RK in meningioma were found to correlate positively with the Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67 LI). Conclusions DKI metrics may be used to differentiate benign from malignant meningioma, and also to distinguish some histological subtypes of meningioma. Moreover, DKI metrics may potentially reflect cellular proliferation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0720048X17303388

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