Rives Technique for the Primary Larger Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Prospective Study of 1000 Repairs
We report a prospective study of repairs using the Rives technique of the more difficult primary inguinal hernias, focusing on the immediate post-operative period, clinical recurrence, testicular atrophy, and chronic pain. A mesh placed in the preperitoneal space can reduce recurrences and chronic pain.
For the larger primary inguinal hernias (Types 3, 4, 6, and some 7), we favour preperitoneal placement of a mesh, covering the myopectineal orifice by means of a transinguinal (Rives technique) approach. The Rives technique was performed on 943 patients (1000 repairs), preferably under local anaesthesia plus sedation in ambulatory surgery.
The mean operative time was 31.8 min. Pain assessment after 24 h with an Andersen scale and a categorical scale gave two patients with intense pain on the Andersen scale, and four patients who thought their state was bad. Surgical wound complications were below 1%, and urinary retention was 1.2% mostly associated with spinal anaesthesia and, in one case, bladder perforation. There was spermatic cord and testicular oedema with some degree of orchitis in 17 patients. The clinical follow-up of 849 repairs (86.4%), mean (range) 30.0 (12–192) months, gave five recurrences (0.6%), three cases (0.4%) of testicular atrophy, and 37 (4.3%) of post-operative chronic pain (8 patients with visual analogue scale of 3–10).
The Rives technique requires a sound knowledge of inguinal preperitoneal space anatomy, but it is an excellent technique for the larger and difficult primary inguinal hernias, giving a low rate of recurrences and chronic pain.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-017-4038-z
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