5 years ago

Local delivery of strontium ranelate promotes regeneration of critical size bone defects filled with collagen sponge

Larissa Moreira Spinola de Castro-Raucci, Andrea Márcia Marcaccini, Ana Paula de Souza Faloni, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva Sousa, Bárbara Furtado Masalskas, Graziela Bianchi Leoni, Walter Martins Júnior
The effect of local delivery of strontium ranelate (SR) on bone regeneration of critical size bone defects filled with collagen sponge was evaluated. Bone defects of 5 mm diameter created in rat calvaria were filled with collagen sponge (C); collagen sponge with 5 mM Sr2+ SR (C5SR) or collagen sponge with 50 mM Sr2+ SR (C50SR). After 2, 4 and 6 weeks, bone volume (BV), bone surface (BS), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N) and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) were evaluated by computed microtomography. At 6 weeks, histological analysis was performed. Intragroup comparisons were made by the Friedman test, while comparisons between groups were made by Kruskal-Wallis test (α = 5%). All groups showed increased BV, BS, Tb.Th and Tb.N over time, but only C50SR promoted the reduction of Tb.Sp (p < 0,05). No significant differences between groups were detected at weeks 2 and 4. However, C50SR showed the highest values of BV, BS, and Tb.Th at 6 weeks (p < 0.05). Histological analysis revealed connective tissue in C and C5SR and immature bone tissue in C50SR. Local delivery of SR 50 mM Sr2+ associated with collagen sponge increased and accelerated bone regeneration in critical bone defects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36237

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