3 years ago

The effects of nursing preceptorship on new nurses’ competence, professional socialization, job satisfaction and retention: A systematic review

Ya-Ting Ke, Chia-Chi Kuo, Chich-Hsiu Hung
Aims The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nursing preceptorship on the competence, job satisfaction, professional socialization and retention of new nurses. Background Although studies have focused on the effects of nursing preceptorship on new nurses’ competence and retention, a systematic review of the overall effects is lacking. Design A quantitative systematic review. Data sources Five English/Chinese databases were searched for original articles published before June 2015 and only six articles published between 2001–2014 were included in the final analysis. Review methods Joanna Briggs Methodology was used to process one randomization control trial, one quasi-experimental study and four observational studies. Two appraisers independently reviewed each study using the standardized critical appraisal tools from the Joanna Briggs Institute. Results The most adopted preceptorship was a fixed preceptor/preceptee model and one-on-one for 1–3-month duration. It showed that new nurses’ overall competence increased significantly due to preceptorship. Only a few studies explored the effects of preceptorship on the job satisfaction and professional socialization of new nurses. Clear conclusions regarding the effect of preceptorship on nurses’ retention rate could not be made because of inconsistent time points for calculation and a lack of control groups in the study design. Conclusions Preceptorship can improve new nurses’ nursing competence; however, more studies are needed to ascertain its effects on new nurses’ retention rates, job satisfaction and professional socialization to promote nursing care quality and resolve nursing shortages.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jan.13317

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