4 years ago

Repositioning Of Tak-475 In Mevalonate Kinase Disease: Translating Theory Into Practice.

Kleiner G, Marcuzzi A, Loganes C, Celeghini C
Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD, OMIM #610377) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic and inflammatory disease. In MKD, defective function of the enzyme mevalonate kinase (MK), due to a mutation in the MVK gene, leads to the shortage of mevalonate-derived intermediates, which results in unbalanced prenylation of proteins and altered metabolism of sterols. These defects lead to a complex multisystem inflammatory and metabolic syndrome. Although biologic therapies aimed at blocking the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) can significantly reduce inflammation, they cannot completely control the clinical symptoms that affects the nervous system. For this reason, MKD can still be considered an orphan drug disease. Cellular models for MKD can be obtained by biochemical inhibition of mevalonate-derived isoprenoids. Of note, these cells present an exaggerated response to inflammatory stimuli that can be reduced by treatment with zaragozic acid, an inhibitor of squalene synthase (SQS) able to increase the availability of isoprenoids intermediates upstream the enzymatic block. A similar action might be obtained by lapaquistat acetate (TAK-475, Takeda), a drug that underwent extensive clinical trials as a cholesterol lowering agent 10 years ago, with a good safety profile. Here we describe the preclinical evidence supporting the possible repositioning of TAK-475 from its originally intended use to the treatment of MKD and discuss its potential to modulate the mevalonate pathway in inflammatory diseases.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28901277

DOI: PubMed:28901277

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