5 years ago

Modeling the Impact of Nutrition Interventions on Birth Outcomes in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST).

Clermont A, Heidkamp R, Phillips E
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software.Methods: A literature search was conducted by using the WHO e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions as the starting point. Recent studies, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews were reviewed for inclusion on the basis of their relevance to LiST.Results: On the basis of the available scientific evidence, the following linkages were found to be supported for inclusion in LiST: calcium supplementation on PTB (12% reduction), MMN supplementation on SGA (9% reduction), and BES on SGA (21% reduction among food-insecure women).Conclusions: The inclusion of these linkages in LiST will improve the utility of the model for users who seek to estimate the impact of antenatal nutrition interventions on birth outcomes. Scaling up these interventions should lead to downstream impacts in reducing stunting and child mortality.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28904112

DOI: PubMed:28904112

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