5 years ago

Amorphous liquid metal electrodes enabled conformable electrochemical therapy of tumors

Electrochemical treatment of tumors (EChT) has recently been identified as a very effective way for local tumor therapy. However, hindered by the limited effective area of a single rigid electrode, multiple electrodes are often recruited when tackling large tumors, where too many electrodes not only complicate the clinical procedures but also aggravate patients' pain. Here we present a new conceptual electric stimulation tumor therapy through introducing the injectable liquid metal electrodes, which can adapt to complex tumor shapes so as to achieve desired therapeutic performance. This approach can offer evident merits for dealing with the complex physiological situations, especially for those irregular body cavities like stomach, colon, rectum or even blood vessel etc., which are hard to tackle otherwise. As it was disclosed from the conceptual experiments that, Unlike traditional rigid and uncomfortable electrodes, liquid metal possesses high flexibility to attach to any crooked biological position to deliver and adjust targeted electric field to fulfill anticipated tumor destruction. And such amorphous electrodes exhibit rather enhanced treatment effect of tumors. Further, we also demonstrate that EChT with liquid metal electrodes produced more electrochemical products during electrolysis. Transformations with the shapes of liquid metal provided an easily regulatable strategy to improve EChT efficiency, which can conveniently aid to achieve better output compared to multiple electrodes. In vivo EChT of tumors further clarified the effect of liquid metal electrodes in retarding tumor growth and increasing life spans.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0142961217305707

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