5 years ago

Control of Heme Coordination and Catalytic Activity by Conformational Changes in Peptide–Amphiphile Assemblies

Control of Heme Coordination and Catalytic Activity by Conformational Changes in Peptide–Amphiphile Assemblies
H. Christopher Fry, Lee A. Solomon, Jacob B. Kronenberg
Self-assembling peptide materials have gained significant attention, due to well-demonstrated applications, but they are functionally underutilized. To advance their utility, we use noncovalent interactions to incorporate the biological cofactor heme-B for catalysis. Heme-proteins achieve differing functions through structural and coordinative variations. Here, we replicate this phenomenon by highlighting changes in heme reactivity as a function of coordination, sequence, and morphology (micelles versus fibers) in a series of simple peptide amphiphiles with the sequence c16-xyL3K3-CO2H where c16 is a palmitoyl moiety and xy represents the heme binding region: AA, AH, HH, and MH. The morphology of this peptide series is characterized using transmission electron and atomic force microscopies as well as dynamic light scattering. Within this small library of peptide constructs, we show that three spectroscopically (UV/visible and electron paramagnetic resonance) distinct heme environments were generated: noncoordinated/embedded high-spin, five-coordinate high-spin, and six-coordinate low-spin. The resulting material’s functional dependence on sequence and supramolecular morphology is highlighted 2-fold. First, the heme active site binds carbon monoxide in both micelles and fibers, demonstrating that the heme active site in both morphologies is accessible to small molecules for catalysis. Second, peroxidase activity was observed in heme-containing micelles yet was significantly reduced in heme-containing fibers. We briefly discuss the implications these findings have in the production of functional, self-assembling peptide materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b01588

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b01588

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