3 years ago

Carbohydrate–Polypeptide Contacts in the Antibody Receptor CD16A Identified through Solution NMR Spectroscopy

Carbohydrate–Polypeptide Contacts in the Antibody Receptor CD16A Identified through Solution NMR Spectroscopy
Daniel J. Falconer, Ganesh P. Subedi, Adam W. Barb
Asparagine-linked carbohydrates (N-glycans) are common modifications of eukaryotic proteins that confer multiple properties, including the essential stabilization of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies. Here we present a rapid and efficient strategy for identifying N-glycans that contact polypeptide residues and apply the method to profile the five N-glycans attached to the human antibody receptor CD16A (Fc γ receptor IIIA). Human embryonic kidney 293S cells expressed CD16A with 13CU-labeled N-glycans using standard protein expression techniques and medium supplemented with 3 g/L [13CU]glucose. Anomeric resonances on the protein-linked N-acetylglucosamine residue at the reducing end of the glycan are particularly well suited to studies of multiply glycosylated N-glycoproteins because only one reducing end and nitrogen-linked residue is present in each N-glycan. Correlations between anomeric 1H1 and 13C1 nuclei on the reducing end residue generate crosspeaks in a conventional two-dimensional heteronuclear single-quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiment that appear in a region of the spectrum devoid of other carbohydrate peaks or background protein signals. Two N-glycan peaks corresponding to the N45 and N162 N-glycans were dispersed from the rapidly averaged peaks corresponding to the N38, N74, and N169 N-glycans. We used a combination of NMR and 1 μs all-atom computational simulations to identify unexpected contacts between the N45 N-glycan and CD16A polypeptide residues.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00392

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00392

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