3 years ago

Creation of a Synthetic Ligand for Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Recognition and Promoter-Specific Transcription Suppression

Creation of a Synthetic Ligand for Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Recognition and Promoter-Specific Transcription Suppression
Toshikazu Bando, Tomohiro Nobeyama, Takuya Hidaka, Hiroshi Sugiyama, Kaori Hashiya, Junichi Taniguchi, Ganesh N. Pandian
Synthetic ligands capable of recognizing the specific DNA sequences inside human mitochondria and modulating gene transcription are in increasing demand because of the surge in evidence linking mitochondrial genome and diseases. In the work described herein, we created a new type of mitochondria-specific synthetic ligand, termed MITO-PIPs, by conjugating a mitochondria-penetrating peptide with pyrrole-imidazole polyamides (PIPs). The designed MITO-PIPs showed specific localization inside mitochondria in HeLa cells and recognized the target DNA in a sequence-specific manner. Furthermore, MITO-PIPs that inhibit the binding of mitochondrial transcription factor A to the light-strand promoter (LSP) also triggered targeted transcriptional suppression. The tunability of PIPs’ properties suggests the potential of the MITO-PIPs as potent modulators of not only mitochondrial gene transcription but also its DNA mutations.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b05230

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b05230

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