3 years ago

Ester-prodrugs of ethambutol control its antibacterial activity and provide rapid screening for mycobacterial hydrolase activity

Ester-prodrugs of ethambutol control its antibacterial activity and provide rapid screening for mycobacterial hydrolase activity
M. tuberculosis contains an unusually high number of serine hydrolases by proteome percentage compared to other common bacteria or humans. This letter describes a method to probe the global substrate specificity of mycobacterial serine hydrolases with ester-protected prodrugs of ethambutol, a first-line antibiotic treatment for TB. These compounds were synthesized directly from ethambutol using a selective o-acylation to yield products in high yield and purity with minimal workup. A library of derivatives was screened against M. smegmatis, a non-infectious model for M. tuberculosis, which displayed significantly lowered biological activity compared to ethambutol. Incubation with a general serine hydrolase reactivated each derivative to near-ethambutol levels, demonstrating that esterification of ethambutol should provide a simple screen for mycobacterial hydrolase activity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17308624

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