5 years ago

Cyanobacterial exopolymer properties differentiate microbial carbonate fabrics

Akihiro Kano, Fumito Shiraishi, Tomoyo Okumura, Yusaku Hanzawa, Yoshio Takahashi, Yu Kodama, Naotaka Tomioka, Hiroki Suga
Although environmental changes and evolution of life are potentially recorded via microbial carbonates, including laminated stromatolites and clotted thrombolites, factors controlling their fabric are still a matter of controversy. Herein, we report that the exopolymer properties of different cyanobacterial taxa primarily control the microbial carbonates fabrics in modern examples. This study shows that the calcite encrustation of filamentous Phormidium sp. secreting acidic exopolymers forms the laminated fabric of stromatolites, whereas the encrustation of coccoid Coelosphaeriopsis sp. secreting acidic exopolymers and poor calcification of filamentous Leptolyngbya sp. secreting non-acidic exopolymers form peloids and fenestral structures, respectively, i.e. the clotted fabric of thrombolites. Based on these findings, we suggest that the rise and decline of cyanobacteria possessing different exopolymer properties caused the expansion of thrombolites around the Proterozoic/Cambrian boundary.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-12303-9

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-12303-9

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.