3 years ago

Inhibiting Metastasis and Preventing Tumor Relapse by Triggering Host Immunity with Tumor-Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Using Photosensitizer-Loaded Functional Nanographenes

Inhibiting Metastasis and Preventing Tumor Relapse by Triggering Host Immunity with Tumor-Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Using Photosensitizer-Loaded Functional Nanographenes
Bing Jia, Liquan Gao, Xiaoyuan Chen, Duo Gao, Lijun Zhong, Chenran Zhang, Jianhao Lai, Xinhe Yu, Fan Wang, Yang Zhao, Zhaofei Liu
Effective cancer therapy depends not only on destroying the primary tumor but also on conditioning the host immune system to recognize and eliminate residual tumor cells and prevent metastasis. In this study, a tumor integrin αvβ6-targeting peptide (the HK peptide)-functionalized graphene oxide (GO) was coated with a photosensitizer (HPPH). The resulting GO conjugate, GO(HPPH)-PEG-HK, was investigated whether it could destroy primary tumors and boost host antitumor immunity. We found that GO(HPPH)-PEG-HK exhibited significantly higher tumor uptake than GO(HPPH)-PEG and HPPH. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using GO(HPPH)-PEG suppressed tumor growth in both subcutaneous and lung metastatic mouse models. Necrotic tumor cells caused by GO(HPPH)-PEG-HK PDT activated dendritic cells and significantly prevented tumor growth and lung metastasis by increasing the infiltration of cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes within tumors as evidenced by in vivo optical and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT imaging. These results demonstrate that tumor-targeted PDT using GO(HPPH)-PEG-HK could effectively ablate primary tumors and destroy residual tumor cells, thereby preventing distant metastasis by activating host antitumor immunity and suppressing tumor relapse by stimulation of immunological memory.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04736

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04736

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.