5 years ago

Expanding the Family of Hoveyda–Grubbs Catalysts Containing Unsymmetrical NHC Ligands

Expanding the Family of Hoveyda–Grubbs Catalysts Containing Unsymmetrical NHC Ligands
Veronica Paradiso, Chiara Costabile, Michał Dąbrowski, Valerio Bertolasi, Tonino Caruso, Fabia Grisi, Karol Grela
A series of Hoveyda–Grubbs second-generation catalysts containing N-alkyl/N′-aryl N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands were synthesized and investigated in representative olefin metathesis reactions. Steric perturbations of unsymmetrical NHCs were achieved through modulation of the hindrance of alkyl (neopentyl, neophyl, cyclohexyl) and aryl (2-isopropylphenyl, mesityl) substituents at the nitrogen atoms in combination with different backbone configurations (syn and anti). The NHC substitution patterns strongly influence the stability and reactivity of the corresponding complexes. In general, complexes bearing an anti NHC backbone are more stable and more active than their corresponding syn isomers. In both the series, the presence of bulky, highly branched N-alkyl groups tends to give reduced catalytic differences between syn and anti isomers, whereas the nature of the N′-aryl substituent (2-isopropylphenyl or mesityl) gives rise to different activity and/or selectivity. Of note, an N′-mesityl catalyst with anti backbone was found to be highly competent in the ethenolysis of ethyl oleate, achieving up to 90% selectivity for the formation of terminal olefins.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00488

DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00488

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