5 years ago

Interaction between Charged Cylinders in Electrolyte Solution; Excluded Volume Effect

Interaction between Charged Cylinders in Electrolyte Solution; Excluded Volume Effect
Beibei Huang, Klemen Bohinc, Stefano Maset
Electrostatic interactions govern the physical properties of charged cylindrical structures in electrolyte solutions. Besides the surface charge on the cylinders, another factor influencing the electrostatic interactions are the mobile ions. The finite size of the mobile ions is included by the excluded volume effect within the lattice statistics, while the electrostatic interactions are considered by means of the mean electrostatic field. In this article we consider charged parallel cylinders embedded into an electrolyte solution of mobile monovalent ions. A modified nonlinear Poisson–Boltzmann equation is proposed via variational procedure, and we implement the finite element method to solve it numerically. Excluded volume effect of the system containing two and multiple charged parallel cylinders are taken into account. Numerical results show that the excluded volume effect decreases the concentration of counterion and increases the electrostatic potential near the charged cylinders. The angular distribution of counterion around the particular cylinder is asymmetric. The study of the electrostatic interaction between two parallel equally charged cylinders reveals that an increase in the free energy is seen when the ionic strength is decreased. The free energy decreases as a function of the cylinders separation distance. On the contrary for two oppositely charged cylinders, the free energy increases with increasing cylinder separation distance, while for two cylinders with different charged density it shows nonmonotonic variation with the increasing cylinders separation distance.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05444

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05444

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.