3 years ago

Manual and Flow-Injection Detection/Quantification of Polyquaterniums via Fully Reversible Polyion-Sensitive Polymeric Membrane-Based Ion-Selective Electrodes

Manual and Flow-Injection Detection/Quantification of Polyquaterniums via Fully Reversible Polyion-Sensitive Polymeric Membrane-Based Ion-Selective Electrodes
The detection of four different polyquaterniums (PQs) using a fully reversible potentiometric polyion sensor in three different detection modes is described. The polyion sensing “pulstrodes” serve as the detector for direct dose–response experiments, beaker titrations, and in a flow-injection analysis (FIA) system. Direct polycation response toward PQ-2, PQ-6, PQ-10, and poly(2-methacryloxyethyltrimethylammonium) chloride (PMETAC) yields characteristic information about each PQ species (e.g., relative charge densities, etc.) via syringe pump addition of each PQ species to a background electrolyte solution. Quantitative titrations are performed using a syringe pump to deliver heparin as the polyanion titrant to quantify all four PQs at μg/mL levels. Both the direct and indirect methods incorporate the use of a three-electrode system including counter, double junction reference, and working electrodes. The working electrode possesses a plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) membrane containing the neutral lipophilic salt of dinonylnaphthalenesulfonate (DNNS) tridodecylmethylammonium (TDMA+). Further, the titration method is shown to be useful to quantify PQ-6 levels in recreational swimming pool water collected in Ann Arbor, MI. Finally, a FIA system equipped with a pulstrode detector is used to demonstrate the ability to potentially quantify PQ levels via a more streamlined and semiautomated testing platform.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.7b00527

DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.7b00527

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