5 years ago

Telomere Damage Response and Low-Grade Inflammation.

Yu X, Wang L, Liu JP
Telomeres at the ends of chromosomes safeguard genome integrity and stability in human nucleated cells. However, telomere repeats shed off during cell proliferation and other stress responses. Our recent studies show that telomere attrition induces not only epithelial stem cell senescence but also low-grade inflammation in the lungs. The senescence-associated low-grade inflammation (SALI) is characteristic of alveolar stem cell replicative senescence, increased proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, infiltrated immune cells, and spillover effects. To date, the mechanisms underlying SALI remain unclear. Investigations demonstrate that senescent epithelial stem cells with telomere erosion are not the source of secreted cytokines, containing no significant increase in expression of the genes coding for increased cytokines, suggesting an alternative senescence-associated secretory phenotype (A-SASP). Given that telomere loss results in significant alterations in the genomes and accumulations of the cleaved telomeric DNA in the cells and milieu externe, we conclude that telomere position effects (TPEs) on gene expression and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) in antigen presentation are involved in A-SASP and SALI in response to telomere damage in mammals.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28921472

DOI: PubMed:28921472

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