3 years ago

Role of Spatial Constraints of Brønsted Acid Sites for Adsorption and Surface Reactions of Linear Pentenes

Role of Spatial Constraints of Brønsted Acid Sites for Adsorption and Surface Reactions of Linear Pentenes
Maricruz Sanchez-Sanchez, Gary L. Haller, Stefan Schallmoser, Johannes A. Lercher
The Brønsted acid sites of H-ZSM-5 and ferrierite reversibly adsborb linear pentenes via hydrogen bonding, rapidly isomerizing the double bond. On H-ZSM-5, dimerization of adsorbed pentenes occurs at a slower rate and leads to pentyl ester covalently bound to the surface. Pentene adsorbed on zeolites with narrower pores, such as ferrierite, remained stable in a hydrogen-bonded state even up to 423 K. Comparing the differential heat of adsorption of 2-pentene on silicalite and ferrierite allowed for the determination of the enthalpy difference between physically adsorbed pentene in ZSM-5 and the localized hydrogen-bonded π-complex at Brønsted acid sites, −36 kJ/mol. The activation energy (35 kJ/mol) for dimerization is almost identical to this enthalpy difference, suggesting that the rate-determining step is associated either with the mobilization of π-bonded 2-pentene or with the equally large activation barrier to form an alkoxy group via a carbenium-ion transition state. In a closed system, the dimerization rate is first order in the concentration of the π-complex that is both in equilibrium with the mobile pentene phase and in production of the carbenium ion that reacts with the mobile pentene. Overall, the alkoxy group is −41 ± 7 kJ/mol more stable than physisorbed pentene, establishing a series of energetically well-separated groups of reactive surface species.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b03690

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b03690

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