3 years ago

Plant Metabolomics: Maximizing Metabolome Coverage by Optimizing Mobile Phase Additives for Nontargeted Mass Spectrometry in Positive and Negative Electrospray Ionization Mode

Plant Metabolomics: Maximizing Metabolome Coverage by Optimizing Mobile Phase Additives for Nontargeted Mass Spectrometry in Positive and Negative Electrospray Ionization Mode
Markus Fischer, Marina Creydt
Nontargeted screening methods with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry have been extensively applied to plant metabolomics to very diverse scientific issues in plant metabolomics. In this study, different mobile phase additives were tested in order to improve the electrospray ionization process and to detect as many metabolites as possible with high peak intensities in positive and negative ionization mode. Influences of modifiers were examined for nonpolar and polar compounds, as optimal conditions are not always the same. By combining different additives, metabolite coverage could be significantly increased. The best results for polar metabolites in positive ionization mode were achieved by using 0.1% acetic acid and 0.1% formic acid in negative ionization mode. For measurements of nonpolar metabolites in positive ionization mode, the application of 10 mmol/L ammonium formate led to the best findings, while the use of 0.02% acetic acid was more appropriate in negative ionization mode.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02592

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02592

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