3 years ago

Not All β-Sheets Are the Same: Amyloid Infrared Spectra, Transition Dipole Strengths, and Couplings Investigated by 2D IR Spectroscopy

Not All β-Sheets Are the Same: Amyloid Infrared Spectra, Transition Dipole Strengths, and Couplings Investigated by 2D IR Spectroscopy
Joshua S. Ostrander, Martin T. Zanni, Jia-Jung Ho, Megan K. Petti, Justin P. Lomont
We report the transition dipole strengths and frequencies of the amyloid β-sheet amide I mode for the aggregated proteins amyloid-β1–40, calcitonin, α-synuclein, and glucagon. According to standard vibrational coupling models for proteins, the frequencies of canonical β-sheets are set by their size and structural and environmental disorder, which determines the delocalization length of the vibrational excitons. The larger the delocalization the lower the frequency of the main infrared-allowed transition, A. The models also predict an accompanying increase in transition dipole strength. For the proteins measured here, we find no correlation between transition dipole strengths and amyloid β-sheet transition frequency. To understand this observation, we have extracted from the protein data bank crystal structures of amyloid peptides from which we calculate the amide I vibrational couplings, and we use these in a model β-sheet Hamiltonian to simulate amyloid vibrational spectra. We find that the variations in amyloid β-sheet structures (e.g., dihedral angles, interstrand distances, and orientations) create significant differences in the average values for interstrand and nearest neighbor couplings, and that those variations encompass the variation in measured A frequencies. We also find that off-diagonal disorder about the average values explains the range of transition dipole strengths observed experimentally. Thus, we conclude that the lack of correlation between transition dipole-strength and frequency is caused by variations in amyloid β-sheet structure. Taken together, these results indicate that the amide I frequency is very sensitive to amyloid β-sheet structure, the β-sheets of these 4 proteins are not identical, and the assumption that frequency of amyloids scales with β-sheet size cannot be adopted without an accompanying measurement of transition dipole strengths.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06826

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06826

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.