5 years ago

Green mamba peptide targets type-2 vasopressin receptor against polycystic kidney disease [Pharmacology]

Green mamba peptide targets type-2 vasopressin receptor against polycystic kidney disease [Pharmacology]
Ralph Witzgall, Christiane Mendre, Bernard Mouillac, Jerome Nevoux, Fabrice Beau, Steve Peigneur, Enrico A. Stura, Edwin De Pauw, Gilles Mourier, Say Viengchareun, Laura Droctove, Justyna Ciolek, Denis Servent, Helene Orcel, Loic Quinton, Marc Lombes, Nicolas Gilles, Jan Tytgat, Laura Vera, Helen Reinfrank, Sabrina Sigismeau

Polycystic kidney diseases (PKDs) are genetic disorders that can cause renal failure and death in children and adults. Lowering cAMP in cystic tissues through the inhibition of the type-2 vasopressin receptor (V2R) constitutes a validated strategy to reduce disease progression. We identified a peptide from green mamba venom that exhibits nanomolar affinity for the V2R without any activity on 155 other G-protein–coupled receptors or on 15 ionic channels. Mambaquaretin-1 is a full antagonist of the V2R activation pathways studied: cAMP production, beta-arrestin interaction, and MAP kinase activity. This peptide adopts the Kunitz fold known to mostly act on potassium channels and serine proteases. Mambaquaretin-1 interacts selectively with the V2R through its first loop, in the same manner that aprotinin inhibits trypsin. Injected in mice, mambaquaretin-1 increases in a dose-dependent manner urine outflow with concomitant reduction of urine osmolality, indicating a purely aquaretic effect associated with the in vivo blockade of V2R. CD1-pcy/pcy mice, a juvenile model of PKD, daily treated with 13 𝝁𝝁g of mambaquaretin-1 for 99 d, developed less abundant (by 33%) and smaller (by 47%) cysts than control mice. Neither tachyphylaxis nor apparent toxicity has been noted. Mambaquaretin-1 represents a promising therapeutic agent against PKDs.

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