5 years ago

Effect of Definition on Incidence and Prognosis of Type 2 Myocardial Infarction

Effect of Definition on Incidence and Prognosis of Type 2 Myocardial Infarction
Uncertainties regarding the most appropriate definition and treatment of type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI) due to supply-demand mismatch have contributed to inconsistent adoption in clinical practice. Objectives This study sought a better understanding of the effect of the definition of T2MI on its incidence, treatment, and event-related mortality, thereby addressing an important unmet clinical need. Methods The final diagnosis was adjudicated in patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction by 2 independent cardiologists by 2 methods: 1 method required the presence of coronary artery disease, a common interpretation of the 2007 universal definition (T2MI2007); and 1 method did not require coronary artery disease, the 2012 universal definition (T2MI2012). Results Overall, 4,015 consecutive patients were adjudicated. The incidence of T2MI based on the T2MI2007 definition was 2.8% (n = 112). The application of the more liberal T2MI2012 definition resulted in an increase of T2MI incidence of 6% (n = 240), a relative increase of 114% (128 reclassified patients, defined as T2MI2012reclassified). Among T2MI2007, 6.3% of patients received coronary revascularization, 22% dual-antiplatelet therapy, and 71% high-dose statin therapy versus 0.8%, 1.6%, and 31% among T2MI2012reclassified patients, respectively (all p < 0.01). Cardiovascular mortality at 90 days was 0% among T2MI2012reclassified, which was similar to patients with noncardiac causes of chest discomfort (0.2%), and lower than T2MI2007 (3.6%) and type 1 myocardial infarction (T1MI) (4.8%) (T2MI2012reclassified vs. T2MI2007 and T1MI: p = 0.03 and 0.01, respectively). Conclusions T2MI2012reclassified has a substantially lower event-related mortality rate compared with T2MI2007 and T1MI. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation [APACE] Study; NCT00470587)

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0735109717390630

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.