5 years ago

Should epithelial ovarian carcinoma metastatic to the inguinal lymph nodes be assigned stage IVB?

According to the revised FIGO staging system women with ovarian carcinoma and inguinal lymph node (LN) metastases, formerly stage III, are now considered stage IVB. In this study we compare their survival to that of women with stage III and stage IV disease. Methods Women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian carcinoma were drawn from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004–2013). Four groups were formed: group 1 (stage IV due to positive inguinal nodes), group 2 (stage III with positive para-aortic/pelvic nodes), group 3 (stage IV with positive distant nodes) and group 4 (stage IV with distant metastases). Overall (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier method. The log-rank test and Cox-hazard models were employed for univariate and multivariate survival analysis. Results A total of 11,152 women were identified. Five-year OS for women in group 1 (n=151) was 46.3% compared to 44.9% for those in group 2 (n=4,403) (p =0.4), 32.9% in group 3 (n=642) (p <0.001) and 25.3% in group 4 (n=5,956) (p <0.001). After controlling for age, race and histology, group 1 had improved overall and cancer-specific mortality compared to groups 3 and 4 but not group 2. Conclusions Ovarian cancer patients with stage IV ovarian cancer due solely to inguinal nodal metastases have similar survival as those with pelvic/para-aortic nodal involvement and improved survival compared to those harboring distant metastases. Our findings do not support the reclassification of these patients as stage IVB.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0090825817311617

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