Analysis of a dual domain phosphoglycosyl transferase reveals a ping-pong mechanism with a covalent enzyme intermediate [Biochemistry]
Phosphoglycosyl transferases (PGTs) are integral membrane proteins with diverse architectures that catalyze the formation of polyprenol diphosphate-linked glycans via phosphosugar transfer from a nucleotide diphosphate-sugar to a polyprenol phosphate. There are two PGT superfamilies that differ significantly in overall structure and topology. The polytopic PGT superfamily, represented by MraY and WecA, has been the subject of many studies because of its roles in peptidoglycan and O-antigen biosynthesis. In contrast, less is known about a second, extensive superfamily of PGTs that reveals a core structure with dual domain architecture featuring a C-terminal soluble globular domain and a predicted N-terminal membrane-associated domain. Representative members of this superfamily are the Campylobacter PglCs, which initiate N-linked glycoprotein biosynthesis and are implicated in virulence and pathogenicity. Despite the prevalence of dual domain PGTs, their mechanism of action is unknown. Here, we present the mechanistic analysis of PglC, a prototypic dual domain PGT from Campylobacter concisus. Using a luminescence-based assay, together with substrate labeling and kinetics-based approaches, complementary experiments were carried out that support a ping-pong mechanism involving a covalent phosphosugar intermediate for PglC. Significantly, mass spectrometry-based approaches identified Asp93, which is part of a highly conserved AspGlu dyad found in all dual domain PGTs, as the active-site nucleophile of the enzyme involved in the formation of the covalent adduct. The existence of a covalent phosphosugar intermediate provides strong support for a ping-pong mechanism of PglC, differing fundamentally from the ternary complex mechanisms of representative polytopic PGTs.
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.