5 years ago

IFN-λ suppresses intestinal inflammation by non-translational regulation of neutrophil function

IFN-λ suppresses intestinal inflammation by non-translational regulation of neutrophil function
Yunhao Tan, Achille Broggi, Ivan Zanoni, Francesca Granucci
Interferon-λ (IFN-λ) is a central regulator of mucosal immunity; however, its signaling specificity relative to that of type I interferons is poorly defined. IFN-λ can induce antiviral interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) in epithelia, while the effect of IFN-λ in non-epithelial cells remains unclear. Here we report that neutrophils responded to IFN-λ. We found that in addition to inducing ISG transcription, IFN-λ (but not IFN-β) specifically activated a translation-independent signaling pathway that diminished the production of reactive oxygen species and degranulation in neutrophils. In mice, IFN-λ was elicited by enteric viruses and acted on neutrophils to decrease oxidative stress and intestinal damage. Thus, IFN-λ acted as a unique immunomodulatory agent by modifying transcriptional and non-translational neutrophil responses, which might permit a controlled development of the inflammatory process.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ni.3821

DOI: 10.1038/ni.3821

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.