5 years ago

In vivo mechanical behaviour of the anterior cruciate ligament: A study of six daily and high impact activities

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) plays a key role in the stability of the knee joint restricting the rotation and anterior tibial translation. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the in vivo ACL mechanical behaviour during high impact manoeuvres. The motion of 12 young participants with healthy knees was captured while they performed the following activities: walking, running, cross-over cutting, sidestep cutting, jumping and jumping with one leg. The in vivo ACL length and strain were estimated using experimental kinematic data and three degree of freedom (DOF) knee model. The in vivo ACL tensile forces were determined with a well-established force/strain relationship obtained through ACL tensile tests. Statistical regression models between ACL length with respect to angles for each activity have been performed in order to better understand the ACL failure mechanisms. The maximum ACL tensile force was observed during jumping vertically at maximum effort with two legs (1.076±0.113 N/BW). Surprisingly, the peak tensile ACL force for all subjects during crossover cutting (0.715±0.2647 N/BW) was lower than during walking (0.774±0.064 N/BW). Regression coefficients for crossover cutting indicated that excessive knee rotation and abduction angles contribute more significantly to the ACL elongation than in activities such as walking or running. These findings suggested that the ACL is subjected to multidirectional loading; further studies will be performed to investigate torsion, tensile and shear force on the ligament.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0966636217308342

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.