5 years ago

Structural characterization of the Rabphilin-3A-SNAP25 interaction [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Structural characterization of the Rabphilin-3A-SNAP25 interaction [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
Cristina Silva, Nuria Verdaguer, Senena Corbalan–Garcia, Maria Dolores Perez–Sanchez, David Lopez–Martinez, Cristina Ferrer–Orta, Juan Carmelo Gomez–Fernandez, Jesus Baltanas–Copado, Teresa Coronado–Parra

Membrane fusion is essential in a myriad of eukaryotic cell biological processes, including the synaptic transmission. Rabphilin-3A is a membrane trafficking protein involved in the calcium-dependent regulation of secretory vesicle exocytosis in neurons and neuroendocrine cells, but the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Here, we report the crystal structures and biochemical analyses of Rabphilin-3A C2B–SNAP25 and C2B–phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) complexes, revealing how Rabphilin-3A C2 domains operate in cooperation with PIP2/Ca2+ and SNAP25 to bind the plasma membrane, adopting a conformation compatible to interact with the complete SNARE complex. Comparisons with the synaptotagmin1–SNARE show that both proteins contact the same SNAP25 surface, but Rabphilin-3A uses a unique structural element. Data obtained here suggest a model to explain the Ca2+-dependent fusion process by membrane bending with a myriad of variations depending on the properties of the C2 domain-bearing protein, shedding light to understand the fine-tuning control of the different vesicle fusion events.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.