5 years ago

Overview of the Oxygen Behavior in the Degradation of Li2MnO3 Cathode Material

Overview of the Oxygen Behavior in the Degradation of Li2MnO3 Cathode Material
Gyeong-Su Park, Seung-Woo Seo, Hyo Sug Lee, Jaikwang Shin, Kyoungmin Min, Changhoon Jung, Kihong Kim, Eunseog Cho
The Li2MnO3 cathode material is vulnerable to complex degradation behaviors during the operation of battery although it has attracted much attention recently due to its potentially large capacity. In this study, we comprehensively examined the degradation process in Li2MnO3, using theoretical density functional computations as well as experimental techniques (in situ X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy). Our study reveals that during the delithiation process, the Li ions mixed in the Mn layer are removed together with those in the Li layer, thereby inducing the release of oxygen atoms. The oxygen loss reaction is energetically favorable at the highly delithiated states, and it can reduce the plateau voltage in the charging curve. Such oxygen loss was observed during or even before the second cycle and furthermore it accelerates the phase transformation of the layered structure to a spinel one. Our results also suggest that oxygen release can be prevented when H ions are exchanged with Li ions during the charging process.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04937

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04937

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