3 years ago

Mesoporous silicas with covalently immobilized β-cyclodextrin moieties: synthesis, structure, and sorption properties

Lyudmila A. Belyakova, Nadiia V. Roik, Marina O. Dziazko, Iryna M. Trofymchuk, Olena I. Oranska

Abstract

Mesoporous silicas with chemically attached macrocyclic moieties were successfully prepared by sol-gel condensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate and β-cyclodextrin-silane in the presence of a structure-directing agent. Introduction of β-cyclodextrin groups into the silica framework was confirmed by the results of IR spectral, thermogravimetric, and quantitative chemical analysis of surface compounds. The porous structure of the obtained materials was characterized by nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and dynamic light scattering. It was found that the composition of the reaction mixture used in β-cyclodextrin-silane synthesis significantly affects the structural parameters of the resulting silicas. The increase in (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane as well as the coupling agent content in relation to β-cyclodextrin leads ultimately to the lowering or complete loss of hexagonal arrangement of pore channels in the synthesized materials. Formation of hexagonally ordered mesoporous structure was observed at molar composition of the mixture 0.049 TEOS:0.001 β-CD-silane:0.007 CTMAB:0.27 NH4OH:7.2 H2O and equimolar ratio of components in β-CD-silane synthesis. The sorption of alizarin yellow on starting silica and synthesized materials with chemically attached β-cyclodextrin moieties was studied in phosphate buffer solutions with pH 7.0. Experimental results of the dye equilibrium sorption were analyzed using Langmuir, Freundlich, and Redlich-Peterson isotherm models. It was proved that the Redlich-Peterson isotherm model is the most appropriate for fitting the equilibrium sorption of alizarin yellow on parent silica with hexagonally arranged mesoporous structure as well as on modified one with chemically immobilized β-cyclodextrin groups.

Graphical abstract

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11051-017-3999-z

DOI: 10.1007/s11051-017-3999-z

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