5 years ago

GPX3 promoter methylation predicts platinum sensitivity in colorectal cancer

Ludmila Danilova, Breann Yanagisawa, Manuel Hidalgo, Todd Armstrong, Lorraine Pelosof, Nina Chu, Sashidhar Yerram, James G. Herman, Nilofer Azad

Epigenetic control of gene expression is a major determinant of tumor phenotype and has been found to influence sensitivity to individual chemotherapeutic agents. Glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3, plasma glutathione peroxidase) is a key component of cellular antioxidant regulation and its gene has been reported to be methylated in specific tumor types. GPX3 role in oxidative damage has been associated with sensitivity to platinums in other tumors but its importance in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been determined. We examined the role of GPX3 methylation in colorectal carcinoma in determining sensitivity to platinum drugs using primary tumor specimens, cell lines, knockdown cell lines, and tumor cell line xenografts. We find GPX3 promoter region methylation in approximately one third of CRC samples and GPX3 methylation leads to reduced GPX3 expression and increased oxaliplatin and cisplatin sensitivity. In contrast, in cell lines with high baseline levels of GPX3 expression or with the ability to increase GPX3 expression, platinum resistance is increased. The cisplatin IC50 in GPX3-methylated cell lines is approximately 6-fold lower than that in GPX3-unmethylated lines. Additionally, knockdown cell lines with essentially no GPX3 expression require N-acetylcysteine to survive in culture underscoring the importance of GPX3 in redox biology. In vivo, GPX3 methylation predicts tumor xenograft sensitivity to platinum with regression of GPX3 knockdown xenografts with platinum treatment but continued growth of GPX3 wild type xenografts in the presence of platinum. These studies demonstrate the importance of GPX3 for CRC cells resistance to platinums and the potential utility of GPX3 methylation status as a predictive biomarker for platinum sensitivity in CRC.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15592294.2016.1265711

DOI: 10.1080/15592294.2016.1265711

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.