5 years ago

Allergenome characterization of the mosquito Aedes aegypti

J. L. Subiza, E. Fernández-Caldas, S. Lafosse-Marin, L. Puerta, J. F. Cantillo, P. Puchalska
Background Saliva and muscle-derived mosquito allergens have been purified and characterized. However, the complete set of allergens remains to be elucidated. In this study, we identified and characterized IgE-binding proteins from the mosquito species Aedes aegypti. Methods Serum was obtained from 15 allergic individuals with asthma and/or rhinitis and sensitized to mosquito. IgE binding was determined by ELISA. Total proteins from freeze-dried bodies of A. aegypti were extracted and IgE-reactive proteins were identified by 2D gel electrophoresis, followed by Western blot with pooled or individual sera. IgE-reactive spots were further characterized by mass spectrometry. Results Twenty-five IgE-reactive spots were identified, corresponding to 10 different proteins, some of which appeared as different variants or isoforms. Heat-shock cognate 70 (HSC-70) and tropomyosin showed IgE reactivity with 60% of the sera, lysosomal aspartic protease, and “AAEL006070-PA” (Uniprot: Q177P3) with 40% and the other proteins with <33.3% of the sera. Different variants or isoforms of tropomyosin, arginine or creatine kinase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), calcium-binding protein, and phosphoglycerate mutase were also identified. The mixture of three allergens (Aed a 6, Aed a 8, and Aed a 10) seems to identify more than 80% of A. aegypti-sensitized individuals, indicating that these allergens should be considered when designing of improved mosquito allergy diagnostic tools. Conclusions The newly identified allergens may play a role in the pathophysiology of mosquito allergy in the tropics, and some of them might be important arthropod-related proteins involved in cross-reactivity between A. aegypti and other allergenic arthropods.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/all.13150

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