3 years ago

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery in gynecologic surgery: a single-institutional experience from Saudi Arabia [version 1; referees: 2 approved]

Mohammed Abuzaid, Kareemah Salamah, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
Background: Laparoscopy is rapidly replacing laparotomy in the field of gynecologic surgery. Generally, there are limited data concerning the utility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in gynecologic surgery. Specifically, in Saudi Arabia, a third-world country, data are further limited; only one related study has been conducted so far. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively report our single-institutional experience of SILS in terms of feasibility, safety and perioperative outcomes in the management of various gynecologic conditions. Methods: The study took place at the Women’s Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. From January 2012 to May 2016, all gynecologic patients who underwent SILS procedures were analyzed for pre-, intra- and post-operative details. SILS was performed using a single multi-port trocar and standard laparoscopic instruments. Results: A total of 54 patients underwent 66 SILS procedures. The median age and body mass index (BMI) were 36 years and 28.2 kg/m2, respectively. Fourteen patients (26%) had ≥ 1 previous abdominal and/or pelvic surgeries. Twenty-four patients (44.4%) were nulliparous. The three most commonly performed SILS procedures were unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (45.5%) and unilateral ovarian cystectomy (27.3%) and adhesiolysis (6.1%). The median operative time, estimated blood loss and hospital stay were 74 min, 50 ml and 1 day, respectively. Three patients required conversion to laparotomy, as follows: unidentified non-stopping bleeding source (n=1) and endometriosis stage IV resulting in difficult dissection (n=2). One patient developed post-operative incisional hernia that was treated surgically. The median patients’ post-operative pain (according to Wong-Baker FACES Foundation pain rating scale) within 4 hours was 2. At 4-week post-operatively, the median wound scar length (measured at outpatient clinic) was 2 cm. Conclusions: SILS is feasible, safe and associated with acceptable clinical and surgical outcomes.

Publisher URL: https://f1000research.com/articles/6-1657/v1

DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.12545.1

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