5 years ago

Excess Li-Ion Storage on Reconstructed Surfaces of Nanocrystals To Boost Battery Performance

Excess Li-Ion Storage on Reconstructed Surfaces of Nanocrystals To Boost Battery Performance
Lin-Wang Wang, Wanli Yang, Chaokun Liu, Dean J. Miller, Tongchao Liu, Feng Pan, Chong-Min Wang, Hanting Tang, Pengfei Yan, Bingkai Zhang, Xiaohe Song, Khalil Amine, Jiangtao Hu, Jiaxin Zheng, Jianguo Wen, Jun Lu, Wen Li, Hua Guo, Yandong Duan, Yang Ren, Zengqing Zhuo, Yuan Lin, Zonghai Chen, Rui Tan
Because of their enhanced kinetic properties, nanocrystallites have received much attention as potential electrode materials for energy storage. However, because of the large specific surface areas of nanocrystallites, they usually suffer from decreased energy density, cycling stability, and effective electrode capacity. In this work, we report a size-dependent excess capacity beyond theoretical value (170 mA h g–1) by introducing extra lithium storage at the reconstructed surface in nanosized LiFePO4 (LFP) cathode materials (186 and 207 mA h g–1 in samples with mean particle sizes of 83 and 42 nm, respectively). Moreover, this LFP composite also shows excellent cycling stability and high rate performance. Our multimodal experimental characterizations and ab initio calculations reveal that the surface extra lithium storage is mainly attributed to the charge passivation of Fe by the surface C–O–Fe bonds, which can enhance binding energy for surface lithium by compensating surface Fe truncated symmetry to create two types of extra positions for Li-ion storage at the reconstructed surfaces. Such surface reconstruction nanotechnology for excess Li-ion storage makes full use of the large specific surface area of the nanocrystallites, which can maintain the fast Li-ion transport and greatly enhance the capacity. This discovery and nanotechnology can be used for the design of high-capacity and efficient lithium ion batteries.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02315

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02315

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