3 years ago

Zinc vacancy-promoted photocatalytic activity and photostability of ZnS for efficient visible-light-driven hydrogen evolution

Zinc vacancy-promoted photocatalytic activity and photostability of ZnS for efficient visible-light-driven hydrogen evolution
Zinc sulfide is a superior photocatalyst for H2 evolution, whereas the wide bandgap restricts its performance to only UV region. In this work, zinc vacancy (VZn) defects are successfully introduced into ZnS via adding sodium sulfide as sulfur source during the hydrothermal reaction. The defective ZnS with different amount of zinc vacancies were employed as catalysts for the examination of vacancy-dependent catalytic activity toward photocatalytic hydrogen evolution under visible light irradiation. Fluorescence emission spectra and XPS results confirm that existence of abundant zinc vacancies on ZnS. These zinc vacancies exhibit remarkable effects on modifying the electronic structure of ZnS as shown in UV–visible absorption spectra and Mott–Schottky plots. Zinc vacancies can raise valence band (VB) position that weaken the oxidative capacity of the holes to protect Zn-deficient ZnS from photocorrsion. And electrochemical and photo-electrochemical experiments also demonstrate that the charge separation and the electrons transfer are more efficient with the introduction of the Zn vacancies in ZnS. The zinc-deficient ZnS-2.5 with optimum amount of Zn vacancies shows superior photocatalytic activity for H2 evolution that reaches 337.71±3.72μmolh−1 g−1 under visible-light irradiation and also exhibits a much higher photostability. The intrinsic modify by self-defects might be a potential strategy for design novel photocatalysts with photocorrosion stability and visible-light activity in photocatalysis proton reduction.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0926337317308317

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