5 years ago

Toxic effects of atrazine on porcine oocytes and possible mechanisms of action

Shuang Liang, Nam-Hyung Kim, Bao Yuan, Ming-Jun Zhang, Yong-Xun Jin, Jia-Bao Zhang

by Bao Yuan, Shuang Liang, Yong-Xun Jin, Ming-Jun Zhang, Jia-Bao Zhang, Nam-Hyung Kim

Because atrazine is a widely used herbicide, its adverse effects on the reproductive system have been extensively researched. In this study, we investigated the effects of atrazine exposure on porcine oocyte maturation and the possible mechanisms. Our results showed that the rates of oocyte maturation significantly decreased after treatment with 200 μM atrazine in vitro. Atrazine treatment resulted in abnormal spindle morphology but did not affect actin distribution. Atrazine exposure not only triggered a DNA damage response but also decreased MPF levels in porcine oocytes. Our results also revealed that atrazine worsened porcine oocyte quality by causing excessive accumulation of superoxide radicals, increasing cathepsin B activity, and decreasing the GSH level and mitochondrial membrane potential. Furthermore, atrazine decreased developmental competence of porcine oocytes up to the blastocyst stage and changed some properties: cell numbers, apoptosis, and related gene expression levels. Collectively, our results indicate that porcine oocyte maturation is defective after atrazine treatment at least through disruption of spindle morphology, MPF activity, and mitochondrial function and via induction of DNA damage, which probably reduces developmental competence.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179861

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