5 years ago

Spatial Auxin Signaling Controls Leaf Flattening in Arabidopsis

Spatial Auxin Signaling Controls Leaf Flattening in Arabidopsis
Yuling Jiao, Qingqing Wang, Ting Yu, Xigang Liu, Chunmei Guan, Binbin Wu, Naden T. Krogan


The flattening of leaves to form broad blades is an important adaptation that maximizes photosynthesis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. The WUSCHEL-RELATED HOMEOBOX (WOX) genes WOX1 and PRS are expressed in the leaf marginal domain to enable leaf flattening, but the nature of WOX expression establishment remains elusive. Here, we report that adaxial-expressed MONOPTEROS (MP) and abaxial-enriched auxin together act as positional cues for patterning the WOX domain. MP directly binds to the WOX1 and PRS promoters and activates their expression. Furthermore, redundant abaxial-enriched ARF repressors suppress WOX1 and PRS expression, also through direct binding. In particular, we show that ARF2 is redundantly required with ARF3 and ARF4 to maintain the abaxial identity. Taken together, these findings explain how adaxial-abaxial polarity patterns the mediolateral axis and subsequent lateral expansion of leaves.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(17)31080-1

DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.08.042

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