Gopalan, Hitesh, Srinivasan, Parthasarathy, S, Santosh, Gavaskar, Ashok S., Tummala, Naveen C., Karthik, Bhupesh
To compare the radiological and clinical results with PFNA-II and InterTan in the treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures in the elderly.
Retrospective, multicenter, matched pair.
Three tertiary level trauma centers.
Hundred elderly patients who underwent intramedullary stabilization with either the PFNA-II or the InterTan for osteoporotic unstable trochanteric fractures.
Fifty matched pairs consisting of OTA/AO–A2 and A3 fractures were created from a cohort of 290 patients who underwent internal fixation for unstable trochanteric fractures with the PFNA-II or InterTan nails.
Radiological assessment was performed to compare union rates, varus collapse, medial or lateral screw/blade migration, and cut-out. Functional outcome at 1 year was assessed and compared using Harris hip score, Timed Up and Go test, and the mobility score.
Union rates, fracture reduction, neck shaft angle, and tip–apex distance were similar in both groups. The PFNA-II group had a significantly higher degree of lateral sliding of the helical blade (P < 0.001). The InterTan group had a better Harris hip score, mobility score, Timed Up and Go test scores, and abductor strength (P < 0.05) at 1 year. The incidence of varus collapse and medial blade migration were higher in the PFNA-II group (P > 0.05). The need for repeat surgery to address surgery-related complications were significantly high in the PFNA-II group (P = 0.045).
The InterTan may provide superior functional outcome and reduced complications than does the Proximal Femur Nail - Antirotation in elderly patients with unstable trochanteric fractures.
Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.