3 years ago

Nonclassical Single-State Reactivity of an Oxo-Iron(IV) Complex Confined to Triplet Pathways

Nonclassical Single-State Reactivity of an Oxo-Iron(IV) Complex Confined to Triplet Pathways
Miquel Costas, Joan Serrano-Plana, Iris Klawitter, Bhaskar Mondal, Shengfa Ye, Franc Meyer, Frank Neese, Claudia Kupper
C–H bond activation mediated by oxo-iron (IV) species represents the key step of many heme and nonheme O2-activating enzymes. Of crucial interest is the effect of spin state of the FeIV(O) unit. Here we report the C–H activation kinetics and corresponding theoretical investigations of an exclusive tetracarbene ligated oxo-iron(IV) complex, [LNHCFeIV(O)(MeCN)]2+ (1). Kinetic traces using substrates with bond dissociation energies (BDEs) up to 80 kcal mol–1 show pseudo-first-order behavior and large but temperature-dependent kinetic isotope effects (KIE 32 at −40 °C). When compared with a topologically related oxo-iron(IV) complex bearing an equatorial N-donor ligand, [LTMCFeIV(O) (MeCN)]2+ (A), the tetracarbene complex 1 is significantly more reactive with second order rate constants k2 that are 2–3 orders of magnitude higher. UV–vis experiments in tandem with cryospray mass spectrometry evidence that the reaction occurs via formation of a hydroxo-iron(III) complex (4) after the initial H atom transfer (HAT). An extensive computational study using a wave function based multireference approach, viz. complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) followed by N-electron valence perturbation theory up to second order (NEVPT2), provided insight into the HAT trajectories of 1 and A. Calculated free energy barriers for 1 reasonably agree with experimental values. Because the strongly donating equatorial tetracarbene pushes the Fe-dx2y2 orbital above dz2, 1 features a dramatically large quintet-triplet gap of ∼18 kcal/mol compared to ∼2–3 kcal/mol computed for A. Consequently, the HAT process performed by 1 occurs on the triplet surface only, in contrast to complex A reported to feature two-state-reactivity with contributions from both triplet and quintet states. Despite this, the reactive FeIV(O) units in 1 and A undergo the same electronic-structure changes during HAT. Thus, the unique complex 1 represents a pure “triplet-only” ferryl model.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b03255

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b03255

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.