3 years ago

Beam Domain Massive MIMO for Optical Wireless Communications with Transmit Lens.

Chen Sun, Xiang-Gen Xia, Zhi Ding, Xiqi Gao, Jiaheng Wang

This paper presents a novel massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission in beam domain for optical wireless communications. The optical base station equipped with massive optical transmitters communicates with a number of user terminals (UTs) through a transmit lens. Focusing on LED transmitters, we analyze light refraction of the lens and establish a channel model for optical massive MIMO transmissions. For a large number of LEDs, channel vectors of different UTs become asymptotically orthogonal. We investigate the maximum ratio transmission and regularized zero-forcing precoding in the optical massive MIMO system, and propose a linear precoding design to maximize the sum rate. We further design the precoding when the number of transmitters grows asymptotically large, and show that beam division multiple access (BDMA) transmission achieves the asymptotically optimal performance for sum rate maximization. Unlike optical MIMO without a transmit lens, BDMA can increase the sum rate proportionally to $2K$ and $K$ under the total and per transmitter power constraints, respectively, where $K$ is the number of UTs. In the non-asymptotic case, we prove the orthogonality conditions of the optimal power allocation in beam domain and propose efficient beam allocation algorithms. Numerical results confirm the significantly improved performance of our proposed beam domain optical massive MIMO communication approaches.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.05282

DOI: arXiv:1710.05282v2

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