3 years ago

Comparison of the progressive resolution optimizer and photon optimizer in VMAT optimization for stereotactic treatments

The photon optimization (PO) algorithm was recently released by Varian Medical Systems to improve volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) optimization within Eclipse (Version 13.5). The purpose of this study is to compare the PO algorithm with its predecessor, progressive resolution optimizer (PRO) for lung SBRT and brain SRS treatments. A total of 30 patients were selected retrospectively. Previously, all the plans were generated with the PRO algorithm within Eclipse Version 13.6. In the new version of PO algorithm (Version 15), dynamic conformal arcs (DCA) were first conformed to the target, then VMAT inverse planning was performed to achieve the desired dose distributions. PTV coverages were forced to be identical for the same patient for a fair comparison. SBRT plan quality was assessed based on selected dose–volume parameters, including the conformity index, V20 for lung, V30 Gy for chest wall, and D0.035 cc for other critical organs. SRS plan quality was evaluated based on the conformity index and normal tissue volumes encompassed by the 12 and 6 Gy isodose lines (V12 and V6). The modulation complexity score (MCS) was used to compare plan complexity of two algorithms. No statistically significant differences between the PRO and PO algorithms were found for any of the dosimetric parameters studied, which indicates both algorithms produce comparable plan quality. Significant improvements in the gamma passing rate (increased from 97.0% to 99.2% for SBRT and 96.1% to 98.4% for SRS), MCS (average increase of 0.15 for SBRT and 0.10 for SRS), and delivery efficiency (MU reduction of 29.8% for SBRT and 28.3% for SRS) were found for the PO algorithm. MCS showed a strong correlation with the gamma passing rate, and an inverse correlation with total MUs used. The PO algorithm offers comparable plan quality to the PRO, while minimizing MLC complexity, thereby improving the delivery efficiency and accuracy.
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